Anime (アニメ, Anime? literally - "Anima", taken from half of "animation") (pronounced [anime] listen (help·info) in Japanese, but typically pronounced /ˈænɪmeɪ/, /ˈænɪmə/, /ə'naɪm/, or /'ænaɪm/ in English) is animation in Japan and considered Japanese animation in the rest of the world. Anime dates from about 1917.
Anime is widely viewed in Japan and is now widely viewed throughout the world. Anime itself is considered a form of limited animation. Anime can be broadcasted either through television or released directly to video, which are often called OVAs or OAV (Original Animation Video).
Anime can be hand drawn or computer-assisted. It is used in television series, films, video, video games, commercials, and internet-based releases, and represents all genres of fiction